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Significant Discovery - 关于人类身体的11项重大科学发现?

时间:2019-7-18 10:30:43 作者:雅信博文翻译

      人类是最高级的动物,人体有很多奥秘值得人们去探索。今天,雅信博文翻译公司带您跟我们一起了解关于人类身体的11项重大科学发现。

  1. Hundreds of genes spring to life after you die - and they keep functioning for up to four days. Together with an unexplained case in March that recorded brain activity in a corpse up to 10 minutes after death, we're starting to realize that death as we know it still retains some strange signs of life.

  在你死后,数以百计的基因会突然活跃起来,而?#19968;?#20250;继续活动长达4天。3月份的一个实例表明,在人死后,尸体的大脑还会活动长达10分钟,连同这个无法解释的实例,我们开?#23478;?#35782;到我们所了解的死亡依然保有一些奇怪的生命迹象。

  2. Livers grow by almost half during waking hours. New research suggests that livers have the capacity to grow by almost 50 percent during the day, before shrinking back to their original size at night. They are the only organ we know of that oscillate this way.

  在你醒着的时候,肝可以扩大将近?#35805;搿?#26032;的研究指出,在白天的时候,肝有能力扩大近50%,然后在夜间则会缩回到原始尺寸。肝是我们所知?#36182;?#30340;唯一一个可以这样变化的器官。

  3. The root cause of eczema has finally been identified. Scientists have tracked down a series of proteins and molecular pathways that lead to this insufferable skin problem, revealing that the protein filaggrin isn't the sole culprit we thought it was.

  湿疹的根本原因最终得到确认。科学家查到了一系列蛋白质和分子引起这种令人难以忍受的皮肤问题的途径,并指出丝聚?#31995;?#30333;并非唯一的祸首,而我们过去却是这样认为的。

  4. We were wrong - the testes are connected to the immune system after all. Researchers have discovered a "very small door" that allows the testes to send one-way signals to the immune system, and it could explain why some men struggle with infertility, and why certain cancer vaccines keep failing.

  我们错了——最终?#21644;?#36824;是与免疫系统有关联的。研究人员发现了一?#30830;?#24120;小的门?#20851;和?#21487;以向免疫系统发送单向信号,这解释?#23435;?#20160;么一些男性会被不孕症所困扰,也解释了某些癌症疫苗一?#31508;?#36133;的原因。

  5. The causes of hair loss and greying are linked, and for the first time, scientists have identified the cells responsible.

  脱发和头发变白的原因是相关的,科学家首次确认了对此负有责任的细胞。

  6. A brand new human organ has been classified. Researchers have given the nod to the mesentery - an organ that's been hiding in plain sight in our digestive system this whole time. But that's only half the story, because we're still not sure exactly what it does.

  一种全新的器官?#36824;?#31867;了。研究人员同意为肠?#30340;?#24402;类,这种器官显然一直隐藏在我们的消化系统中。但这只是其中的一方面,因为我们还不确定它到?#36164;?#20160;么。


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